Ph.D., University of Iowa (2013)
Keywords: executive function, cognitive development, cognitive neuroscience, computational neuroscience
My research aims to create an integrated understanding of the behavioral and neural dynamics of executive function over development.
I study the development of executive function using a combination of behavioral, neural, and computational methods. The primary questions I address in my research center around how perception and action are integrated in a controlled, goal-directed fashion. Specifically, I use dynamic field theory, which is a class of dynamic systems models, to formally integrate behavioral and neural processes. The primary neuroimaging technique I use in my lab is Near-infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) which allows for measuring functional neural activation in infancy and early childhood.
- University of Iowa, Lewis Award in Experimental Psychology, 2013
- Delta Center Conference Travel Award, 2011
- Society for Research in Child Development Conference Travel Award, 2011
- University of Iowa, J. R. Simon Early Scholarship Award, 2009
- Cognitive Science Society Conference Travel Award, 2008
- 2012 Integrating Perception and Action in a Neural Field Theory of Response Selection
Agency: National Science Foundation
Type of Grant: Research grant
Role: Co-PI (Eliot Hazeltine, Tim Wifall, John Spencer)
Total Amount: $100,000
Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles
- Buss, A. T. and Spencer, J. P. (in press). The emergent executive: A dynamic field theory of the development of executive function. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development.
- Johnson, J. S., Simmering, V. R., and Buss, A. T.(in press). Beyond slots and resources? Grounding cognitive concepts in neural dynamics. Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics.
- Buss, A. T., Wifall, T., Hazeltine, E., and Spencer, J. P. (2014). Integrating the behavioral and neural dynamics of response selection in a dual-task paradigm: A dynamic neural field model of Dux et al. (2009). Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 26, 334-351.
- Buss, A. T., Fox, N., Boas, D. A., & Spencer, J. P. (2014). Probing the early development of visual working memory capacity with functional near-infrared spectroscopy. NeuroImage, 85, 314-325.
- Buss, A. T. and Spencer, J. P. (2012). When seeing is knowing: Visual cues and the dissociation between children's rule-knowledge and rule-use. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 111, 561-569.
- Spencer, J. P., Perone, S., and Buss, A. T. (2011). Twenty years and going strong: a dynamics systems revolution in motor and cognitive development. Child Development Perspectives. 5(4), 260-266.
- Spencer, J. P. & Buss, A. T. (2011). Finding a way out: Why developmental science does not need another "ism". Child Development Perspectives, 5(3), 166-168.
- Buss, A. T., Wifall, T. & Hazeltine, E. (in press). The behavioral and neural dynamics of cognitive flexibility. In J. P. Spencer and G. S. Schöner (Eds.), Dynamic Thinking—A Primer on Dynamic Field Theory. Oxford University Press: New York, NY.
- Spencer, J. P. & Buss, A. T. (2013). The emerging executive: Using dynamic neural fields to understand the development of cognitive control. In P. D. Zelazo & M. Sera (Eds.), The Minnesota Symposium on Child Psychology: Developing Cognitive Control Processes: Mechanisms, Implications, and Interventions, Volume 37 (pp. 91-142). John Wiley & Sons, Inc.